Binary file

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A binary file is a file whose content must be interpreted by a program or a hardware processor that understands in advance exactly how it is formatted.

That is, the file is not in any externally identifiable format so that any program that wanted to binary database format look for certain data at a certain place within the file. A progam or hardware processor has to know binary database format how the data inside the file is laid out to make use of the file.

In general, executable ready-to-run programs are often identified as binary files and given a file name extension of ". Programmers often talk about an executable program as a "binary" binary database format will ask another programmer to "send me the binaries. A binary file could also contain data ready to be used by a program. In terms of transmitting files from one place to another, a file can be transmitted as a "binary," meaning that the programs handling it don't attempt to look within it or change it, but just pass it along as a "chunk of 0s and 1s," the meaning of which is unknown to any network device.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its binary database format. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States.

A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a binary database format visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. An internal audit IA is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if A cloud ecosystem is a complex system of interdependent components that all work together to enable cloud services.

Cloud services is an umbrella term that binary database format refer to a variety of resources provided over the internet, or to professional The term uncloud describes the action or process of removing applications and data from a cloud computing platform. Cyberextortion is a crime involving an attack or threat of an attack coupled with a demand for money or some other response in The National Security Agency is the binary database format U. An RHIA, or registered health information administrator, is a certified professional who oversees the creation and use of patient The 21st Century Cures Act is a wide-ranging healthcare bill that funds medical research and development, medical device A crisis management plan CMP is a document that outlines the processes an organization will use to respond to a critical Business continuity and disaster recovery BCDR are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for A business continuity binary database format BCP is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue A bad block is an area of storage media that is binary database format longer reliable for storing and retrieving data because it has been physically An all-flash array AFAalso known as a solid-state storage disk system, is an external storage array that uses only flash A binary database format hard disk drive is binary database format electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

Home Topics AppDev Programming binary file. This was binary database format updated in April Related Terms black box black box testing Black box testing assesses a system solely from the outside, without the operator or tester knowing what is happening within the Add My Comment Register. Login Forgot your password? Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to: Please create a username to comment. The BIN file extension is employed by a number of programs that range from image disk programs binary database format data storage. For technically detailed information please refer to http: Watch the video here: Search Compliance risk map risk heat map A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is binary database format data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces.

Search Cloud Provider cloud ecosystem A cloud ecosystem is a complex system of interdependent components that all work together to enable cloud services. Search Security cyberextortion Cyberextortion is a crime involving an attack or threat of an attack coupled with a demand for money or some other response in Cybercrime Cybercrime is any criminal activity that involves a computer, networked device or a network. Search Disaster Binary database format crisis management plan CMP A crisis management plan CMP is a document that outlines the processes an organization will use to respond to a critical

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A binary file is a computer file that is not a text file. Binary files are usually thought of as being a sequence of bytes , which means the binary digits bits are grouped in eights. Binary files typically contain bytes that are intended to be interpreted as something other than text characters. Compiled computer programs are typical examples; indeed, compiled applications are sometimes referred to, particularly by programmers, as binaries.

But binary files can also mean that they contain images, sounds, compressed versions of other files, etc. Some binary files contain headers , blocks of metadata used by a computer program to interpret the data in the file.

The header often contains a signature or magic number which can identify the format. For example, a GIF file can contain multiple images, and headers are used to identify and describe each block of image data. If a binary file does not contain any headers, it may be called a flat binary file. To send binary files through certain systems such as email that do not allow all data values, they are often translated into a plain text representation using, for example, Base The increased size may be countered by lower-level link compression, as the resulting text data will have about as much less entropy as it has increased size, so the actual data transferred in this scenario would likely be very close to the size of the original binary data.

See Binary-to-text encoding for more on this subject. A hex editor or viewer may be used to view file data as a sequence of hexadecimal or decimal, binary or ASCII character values for corresponding bytes of a binary file. If a binary file is opened in a text editor , each group of eight bits will typically be translated as a single character, and the user will see a probably unintelligible display of textual characters.

If the file is opened in some other application, that application will have its own use for each byte: Other type of viewers called 'word extractors' simply replace the unprintable characters with spaces revealing only the human-readable text. This type of view is useful for quick inspection of a binary file in order to find passwords in games, find hidden text in non-text files and recover corrupted documents.

If the file is itself treated as an executable and run, then the operating system will attempt to interpret the file as a series of instructions in its machine language.

Standards are very important to binary files. For example, a binary file interpreted by the ASCII character set will result in text being displayed. A custom application can interpret the file differently: Binary itself is meaningless, until such time as an executed algorithm defines what should be done with each bit, byte, word or block. Thus, just examining the binary and attempting to match it against known formats can lead to the wrong conclusion as to what it actually represents. This fact can be used in steganography , where an algorithm interprets a binary data file differently to reveal hidden content.

Without the algorithm, it is impossible to tell that hidden content exists. Two files that are binary compatible will have the same sequence of zeros and ones in the data portion of the file. The file header, however, may be different. The term is used most commonly to state that data files produced by one application are exactly the same as data files produced by another application.

For example, some software companies produce applications for Windows and the Macintosh that are binary compatible, which means that a file produced in a Windows environment is interchangeable with a file produced on a Macintosh.

This avoids many of the conversion problems caused by importing and exporting data. One possible binary compatibility issue between different computers is the endianness of the computer. Some computers store the bytes in a file in a different order.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For double stars, see Binary star. For the CD image format, see Disk image.

This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. For binary code executable file compatibility, see Binary compatible.

Open Close Read Write. File comparison File compression File manager Comparison of file managers File system permissions File transfer File sharing File verification. Retrieved from " https: Articles lacking sources from April All articles lacking sources. Views Read Edit View history.

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