Definición de open

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Alternative trading system ATS is a US and Canadian regulatory term for a non-exchange definicion de open trading systems venue that matches buyers definicion de open trading systems sellers to find counterparties for transactions. Alternative trading systems are typically regulated as broker-dealers rather than as exchanges although an alternative definicion de open trading systems system can apply to be regulated as a securities exchange.

In general, for regulatory purposes, an alternative trading system is an organization or system that provides or maintains a market place or facilities for bringing together purchasers and sellers of securities, but does not set rules for subscribers other than rules for the conduct of subscribers trading on the system. These venues play an important role in public markets for allowing alternative means of accessing liquidity. They can be used for trading large blocks of shares away from the normal exchange, a practice that could otherwise skew the market price in a particular direction, depending on a security's market capitalization and trading volume.

ATSs are generally electronic but don't have to be. ATSs can be distinguished from electronic communication networks ECNswhich are a "fully electronic subset of ATSs that automatically and anonymously match orders". Regulation ATS was introduced by the SEC in and is designed to protect investors and resolve any concerns arising from this type of trading system.

Specifically, it requires that an alternative trading system comply with the reporting and record keeping requirements Rule b 5 ii of Reg ATS, if during at least 4 of the preceding 6 calendar months, such alternative trading system had:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Primary market Secondary market Third market Fourth market. Common stock Golden share Preferred stock Restricted stock Tracking stock. Authorised capital Issued shares Shares outstanding Treasury stock. Electronic communication definicion de open trading systems List of stock exchanges Trading hours Multilateral trading facility Over-the-counter.

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The term open market is used generally to refer to an economic situation close to free trade. In a more specific, technical sense, the term refers to interbank trade in securities. Economists judge the "openness" of markets according to the amount of government regulation of those markets, the scope for competition, and the absence or presence of local cultural customs which get in the way of trade.

In principle, a fully open market is a completely free market in which all economic actors can trade without any external constraint. In reality, few markets exist which are open to that extent, since they usually cannot operate without an enforceable legal framework for trade which guarantees security of property, the fulfillment of contractual obligations associated with transactions, and the prevention of cheating.

A physical open market is a space or place where anyone wishing to trade physical goods may do so free of selling charges and taxes and has come to be regarded by many activists as the ultimate social enterprise and a major tool for tackling unemployment. In a more general sense the term has started to be used in economics and political economy , in which an open market refers to a market which is accessible to all economic actors.

In an open market so defined, all economic actors have an equal opportunity of entry in that market. This contrasts with a market closed by a monopoly or oligopoly which dominate an industry, and with a protected market in which entry is conditional on certain financial and legal requirements or which is subject to tariff barriers, taxes, levies or state subsidies which effectively prevent some economic actors from participating in them see protectionism.

The concept of an open market in this general sense is sometimes criticized on the ground that participation in it is conditional on having sufficient money, income or assets. Lacking sufficient money, income or assets, people may be effectively excluded from participation. Thus, whereas people may have sufficient funds to participate in some markets, their funds are inadequate to participate in other markets.

This raises the question of whether markets are ever truly "open", and suggests that the "openness" of markets is more a relative concept.

In response to this type of criticism, the concept of open market is often redefined to mean a situation of free competition , and the inability to participate is explained as a lack of competitiveness.

On this view, if people were more competitive they would be able to participate, and thus their lack of funds is due to their unwillingness to compete for resources. On this view, lack of participation in an open market is either a subjective preference or a personal defect. In banking and financial economics , the open market is the term used to refer to the environment in which bonds are bought and sold between a central bank and its regulated banks.

It is not a free market process. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved from " https: Articles lacking sources from December All articles lacking sources. Views Read Edit View history.

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