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Resultados La necesidad donde las opciones de equidad salud sentida fue mayor en las mujeres en las dos encuestas. Donde las opciones de equidad Identifying gender-related inequities in gaining access to health services in the Colombian social health security system. Methods A two-stage evaluation of the National Household Survey was made, before and after the Colombian health system reform was implemented. Socioeconomic,needs, access to health services and financing variables were identified.

A descriptive analysis of the variables was made, they were re-codified and new variables created. Bivariate analysis was done, comparing some variables by means of Chi 2.

Results Needs in health were felt more by women in both surveys. Regarding antecedents of having been hospitalised, the percentage of males and females using this service became reduced during Females used their own resources more as the source of financing services in People belonging to the 1 st and 2 nd quintiles used their own resources as financing source in terms of income levels. Conclusions Comparing both periods, total consultations became increased more rapidly in females.

Females had greater access to consultation services in Gender-related donde las opciones de equidad in financing health services have still persisted, even after the reform was implemented. Equity in health, equity in access, gender, financing, access to health services source: Estos conceptos han sido desarrollados ampliamente por un grupo de investigadores entre los que se destaca Margaret Whitehead para quien es importante diferenciar las desigualdades consideradas injustas y evitables de aquellas que no lo son.

En general, se considera que existe equidad en los servicios de salud cuando se cumplen las siguientes condiciones: A partir de estas diferencias se construye un significado social: El primer aspecto analizado fue la necesidad en salud sentida o reportada que fue mayor para las mujeres en las dos encuestas analizadas, las diferencias fueron significativas lo cual confirma que existe una diferencia en la necesidad en salud entre hombres y mujeres.

Los resultados muestran diferencias en el acceso a los servicios que se consideran inequidades en contra de las personas con menores ingresos. Rev Ger Pol Salud. El sistema colombiano de seguridad social en salud: Rev Ger Pol Salud ; 1 1: The Concepts and principles of equity and health.

Regional Office for Europe. Int J Health Serv ; 22 3: Cien Saude Colet ; 5: Casas-Zamora J, Gwatkin D. Las muchas dimensiones de la equidad en salud. Unidad de estudios especiales. Financiamiento del Desarrollo No Santiago de Chile; Sarmiento L, Vargas CH. El Trabajo de las Mujeres en Colombia. Equitable financing, out of pocket payments and the role of health care reform in Colombia. Health Policy Plan ; 17 Suppl 1: Para comparar las dos etapas se siguieron los siguientes pasos: Donde las opciones de equidad resultados mencionados hasta el momento se resumen en la tabla 1.

The Johns Hopkins Donde las opciones de equidad Press; ReadCube Visualizar o texto. Similares no Google Citados no Google Scholar.

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Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Resultados Se caracterizaron las siguientes etnias: Objective Identifying inequalities in gaining access to health services resulting from ethnicity in Bogota. Methods 39 in-depth interviews with focus groups and six members of ethnic groups were conducted during Qualitative findings were contrasted with the results.

Results The following ethnic groups were characterised: Differences in socioeconomic status, education, employment, access to health insurance, use of health services and outcomes were documented as these were considered to be inequities related to the following determinants: Conclusions There are ethnic inequities in gaining access to health services because there is no adequate access as required; there is violation of rights, discrimination, a lack of adaptation and appreciation of differences.

These situations are considered to be examples of cultural and distributive injustice. Ethnicity determines levels of social vulnerability and takes specific forms regarding life, health and disease, thereby becoming a structural determinant of studying ethnic-equity in gaining access to health services. Equity in health, ethnic group, access to and evaluation of health services, equity of access source: El desplazamiento por el conflicto armado es una de las causas de las precarias condiciones.

La ausencia de dinero es otra barrera frecuente. Se documentaron diferencias en el acceso a los servicios que no responden al reconocimiento de diferentes necesidades. Por el contrario, ellas expresan la ausencia de reconocimiento cultural.

Consultado Febrero de Consultado Marzo de Bustos F, Travassos C. Psacharopoulos G, Padrinos HG. Does Racism Harm Health? Did Child Abuse Exist Before ?. Ethnicity, equity, and quality: Editor Equidad y salud. Universidad de los Andes. Siglo del Hombre Editores; The Concern for Equity in Health.

Public Health, Ethics, and Equity. Oxford University Press; Andersen R, Aday LA. Access to medical care in the U. Health Achievement and Equity: External and Internal Perspectives. Instituto Distrital de Cultura y Turismo; Noviembre de Working Paper Series No. Monteiro S, Maio S.

Salud Publica Mex ; Editorial Universidad de Antioquia; Ciencia Emancipadora e Interculturalidad. Why do qualitative research? ReadCube Visualizar o texto.

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